Tag archives for Meghalaya

An unusual beekeeping tradition in West Khasi Hills, Meghalaya

Abstract

Apiculture of the common Indian honey bee (Apis cerana indica Fab.) is an age-old supplementary activity in the traditional agrarian life of Khasi people of Meghalaya. These bees are reared by the local people in various forms of traditional hives. Swarms of bees regularly arrive in Mawnai village area of West Khasi Hills district in July and colonize natural or human-created hollow cavities in soil in forested areas. These bee colonies are collected by the local people and transferred to wooden boxes where they remain till November. Most bees depart in late November or early December to return back the next year and the cycle repeats.

Keywords Apis cerana indica, Beekeeping, West Khasi Hills, Meghalaya.

Notes on blooming of a rare orchid Flickingeria macraei

Abstract

Flowering were observed in the plants of Flickingeria macraei (Lindl.) Seidenf. growing in experimental Garden of Botanical Survey of India, Shillong. The description and photographs of live plants are provided to facilitate its easier identification.

Keywords Flickingeria, Orchidaceae, Meghalaya, India.

Earthquake Disaster Risk Mitigation for Northeast India

Abstract

The Northeastern region of India has witnessed several devastating earthquakes such as the 1869, 1897, 1950 great earthquakes and some high magnitude earthquakes ranging from 6.0 to 8.7. In the light of scientific earthquake predictions given for the region, urgent measures need to be taken for earthquake disaster risk mitigation, both structural as well as non-structural, in addition to efforts made so far.National disasters policies and programmes are yielding results in generating awarenessand increasing the level of preparedness, which are vital for mitigation of disasters.In this paper some aspects are discussed in specific areas of Capacity Building,Techno-Legal Framework, Techno-Financial Regime., and enforcement of Rules &Regulations to further strengthen the institution of disaster management in carrying out structural and non-structural mitigation measures.

Keywords Earthquake, Northeast India, Meghalaya, Shillong

A compendium of Monopodial Orchids of Meghalaya

Abstract

Sixty nine species of monopodial orchids belonging to 7 Subtribes namely Vandinae, Deceptorinae, Phalaenopsidinae, Gastrochilinae, Aeridinae, Pelatantheriinae, Taeniophllinae are enumerated. Up-to-date nomenclature, salient features, phenology and place of occurrence in Meghalaya of each species is provided in the present communication.

Keywords Monopodial, orchid, Meghalaya

Notes on diversity and distribution of tribe Orchideae in Meghalaya

Abstract

The tribe Orchideae is represented by 28 species, 7 genera falling under 4 subtribes viz. Orchidinae, Herminiinae, Platantherinae and Habenarinae in Meghalaya. Of these, genus Peristylus is largest (11 species) followed by Habenaria (9 species). The genera Brachycorythis, Platanthera and Pecteilis are represented by 2 species each; while remaining genera like Diplomeris and Herminium are represented by 1 species each. Key characters of each ones along with phenology, distribution in Meghalaya and other states of NE India have been given. Colored photographs of species have been provided for their easy identification in the field.

Keywords Orchideae, diversity, Meghalaya

The Lyngdoh Mawnai Sacred Grove, West Khasi Hills, Meghalaya: Mapping and analysis of disturbance

Abstract

The Lyngdoh Mawnai Sacred Grove, representing humid sub-tropical montane forest, is a fairly well preserved sacred grove, covering an area of 20.84 ha, of which about 0.09 ha area was non-forest and 1.9 ha was degraded to various extents.The tree density was found to 1126 ha-1 . Anthropogenic disturbance in form of wood cutting, burning was visible in the peripheral regions while wood-cutting and clearance of ground vegetation for collection of edible fruit was seen within the dense forest area. Disturbance in form of cut stems especially in the 5-12 cm diameter class was found in both – the peripheral as well in the forest interior with peripheral areas exhibiting higher cut stems (26%) than the interior (14% ) of the total stems ha-1.

Keywords Sacred grove, mapping, Meghalaya, West Khasi Hills, Lyngdoh Mawnai sacred grove

Two new distributional records of Liverworts (Marchantiophyta) from Meghalaya

Abstract

Two liverworts, namely Cyathodium aureonitens (Griff.) Mitt. (Cyathodiaceae) and Fossombronia pusilla (L.) Dumort. (Fossombroniaceae) have been recorded for the first time from the Meghalaya, of which the latter one is recorded for the first time from East Himalayan Bryo-geographical territory. The same have been described with relevant photographs.

Keywords Liverwort, Cyathodium, Fossombronia, meghalaya.

Three New addition to the Flora of Meghalaya

Abstract

Three species of flowering plants namely Sterculia rubiginosa, Pterocymbium tinctorium var. tinctorium and Didymoplexis pallens have been described. Of these, first one recorded for the first time from North-east India and the later two are new to Meghalaya.

Keywords Meghalaya, New additions.