Shillong, the capital of Meghalaya receives an annual average rainfall of 2,267 mm. The state is mostly agrarian with mostly rice-potato and potato-potato based cropping system. Rainfed rice mostly practiced in and around this belt. Rainfall analysis was done based on thirty five years (1973-2007) daily rainfall data to study monthly, seasonal and yearly occurrence of drought at Shillong based on India Meteorological Department (IMD) protocols. There was an incident of severe drought in the year 2000; eight years with moderate and eleven years with mild drought at Shillong. The more frequency of drought incidents were recorded for the January, November and December compared to other months.
Keywords Drought year, meteorological drought, rainfall analysis.