Fire and grazing are the two most common disturbances found in the grassland ecosystems of Cherrapunjee. There are many species that have attributes which enable them to tolerate disturbances. The present study was conducted to examine separately as well as in combination the effects of fire and grazing on grassland ecosystem of Cherrapunjee. The results of the study reveal that the impact of fire and grazing on vegetation structure of grassland ecosystem at Cherrapunjee are highly variable. While grazing tends to favour the diversity of perennial grasses, fire influences the richness of annual grasses and other monocots. However, the combined effect of grazing and fire tend to increase the diversity of forbs.
Keywords Fire, grazing, species diversity, grassland